7,000-Year-Old Chinchorro Mummies Have CT Scans To 'Bring To Life Someone Who Died Thousands Of Years Ago'

The oldest mummies in the world, Chinchorro mummies from Peru that date back over 7,000 years, have just had a very special check-up in the form of a CT scan. They were some of the first people in civilization that embalmed and mummified their dead, and the Chinchorro mummies are even 2,000 years older than Egyptian mummies. The Chinchorro people were hunter-gatherers and lived near the Atacama desert along the Pacific coast of South America from 10,000 to 3,400 BC. Now, Archaeology.org reveals that 15 of these Chinchorro mummies have been taken from their home at Chile’s National Museum of Natural History to the Los Condes Clinic so that scientists could see what the humans inside really looked like, as Chief Cardiologist Marcelo Galvez explained. “We want to see what they physically looked like, to reconstruct them and bring to life someone who died thousands of years ago.” News Online from Australia describes how the CAT scanner will help to show not only how these mummies looked in life, but will also decode their genes so that we will be able to understand ancient civilizations better. Once their DNA has been analyzed, it will help scientists to locate genetic links with modern-day people in the area. An interactive display of a CT scan of a Peruvian mummy at the Natural History Museum in Los Angeles on September 10, 2015. [Image by Jae C. Hong/AP Images] Marcelo Galvez described part of the process that the team of scientists used when putting the 15 mummies, which were mainly unborn babies and children, through the CAT scanner. “We collected thousands of images with a precision of less than one millimeter. The next phase is to try to dissect these bodies virtually, without touching them, which will help us preserve them for another 500,000 years.” Scientists are also hopeful that their work will yield more clues about how the Chinchorro people mummified their dead loved ones and friends. This group of people were very well-versed when it came to human anatomy and when one of their people died, they would painstakingly remove their muscles and also their skin. As the skin and muscles of the dead had been removed, when the Chinchorro people wanted to create the illusion of something that looked more human, they would take clay, plants, and wood and use these to reconstruct what looked like a body around the remaining skeletal structure. Did you know that some of the oldest mummies in the world are in the north of #Chile? Meet the Chinchorro mummies! pic.twitter.com/HJsgapsMSB — ThisisChile.cl (@thisisChile) December 12, 2016 After they did this, they took the skin they had originally taken off and sewed it back. Then they added eyes, hair, and a mouth. Last but not least, a mask was added to their face. In this way, the Chinchorro people mummified their dead. The mummification process for the Chinchorro people was a very personal and family affair. In fact, it was the families of the deceased who would fashion these mummies. The oldest of these Chinchorro mummies were babies and unborn fetuses, but all of the mummies were created in the same way, regardless of age. Since 1903, 180 of these mummies have been discovered and they were all found near the beach. Chinchorro mummies were placed simply outside without any elaborate structures like the Egyptian pyramids, which were used to house Egyptian mummies. Ancient mummies of Peruvian children on display in Los Angeles at the Natural History Museum on September 10, 2015. [Image by Jae C. Hong/AP Images] Part of the reason that these CAT scans are so important is that at the moment, scientists don’t know much about these people as they left no records behind them. The Chinchorro mummies are really the only record of these people that we have. Veronica Silva, who works at Chile’s National Museum of Natural History, describes the importance of their work. “We are effectively talking about the oldest artificially mummified bodies in the world. The Chinchorro mummies date to 7,400 years ago. That is to say, this system existed 2,000 years before the first mummifications even began in Egypt.” Once more information is analyzed from the computerized tomography scans and DNA analysis on this project, we will be on our way to learning more about these Chinchorro mummies, the oldest mummies in the world. [Featured Image by Martin Mejia/AP Images]

7,000-Year-Old Chinchorro Mummies Have CT Scans To 'Bring To Life Someone Who Died Thousands Of Years Ago'

The oldest mummies in the world, Chinchorro mummies from Peru that date back over 7,000 years, have just had a very special check-up in the form of a CT scan. They were some of the first people in civilization that embalmed and mummified their dead, and the Chinchorro mummies are even 2,000 years older than Egyptian mummies. The Chinchorro people were hunter-gatherers and lived near the Atacama desert along the Pacific coast of South America from 10,000 to 3,400 BC. Now, Archaeology.org reveals that 15 of these Chinchorro mummies have been taken from their home at Chile’s National Museum of Natural History to the Los Condes Clinic so that scientists could see what the humans inside really looked like, as Chief Cardiologist Marcelo Galvez explained. “We want to see what they physically looked like, to reconstruct them and bring to life someone who died thousands of years ago.” News Online from Australia describes how the CAT scanner will help to show not only how these mummies looked in life, but will also decode their genes so that we will be able to understand ancient civilizations better. Once their DNA has been analyzed, it will help scientists to locate genetic links with modern-day people in the area. An interactive display of a CT scan of a Peruvian mummy at the Natural History Museum in Los Angeles on September 10, 2015. [Image by Jae C. Hong/AP Images] Marcelo Galvez described part of the process that the team of scientists used when putting the 15 mummies, which were mainly unborn babies and children, through the CAT scanner. “We collected thousands of images with a precision of less than one millimeter. The next phase is to try to dissect these bodies virtually, without touching them, which will help us preserve them for another 500,000 years.” Scientists are also hopeful that their work will yield more clues about how the Chinchorro people mummified their dead loved ones and friends. This group of people were very well-versed when it came to human anatomy and when one of their people died, they would painstakingly remove their muscles and also their skin. As the skin and muscles of the dead had been removed, when the Chinchorro people wanted to create the illusion of something that looked more human, they would take clay, plants, and wood and use these to reconstruct what looked like a body around the remaining skeletal structure. Did you know that some of the oldest mummies in the world are in the north of #Chile? Meet the Chinchorro mummies! pic.twitter.com/HJsgapsMSB — ThisisChile.cl (@thisisChile) December 12, 2016 After they did this, they took the skin they had originally taken off and sewed it back. Then they added eyes, hair, and a mouth. Last but not least, a mask was added to their face. In this way, the Chinchorro people mummified their dead. The mummification process for the Chinchorro people was a very personal and family affair. In fact, it was the families of the deceased who would fashion these mummies. The oldest of these Chinchorro mummies were babies and unborn fetuses, but all of the mummies were created in the same way, regardless of age. Since 1903, 180 of these mummies have been discovered and they were all found near the beach. Chinchorro mummies were placed simply outside without any elaborate structures like the Egyptian pyramids, which were used to house Egyptian mummies. Ancient mummies of Peruvian children on display in Los Angeles at the Natural History Museum on September 10, 2015. [Image by Jae C. Hong/AP Images] Part of the reason that these CAT scans are so important is that at the moment, scientists don’t know much about these people as they left no records behind them. The Chinchorro mummies are really the only record of these people that we have. Veronica Silva, who works at Chile’s National Museum of Natural History, describes the importance of their work. “We are effectively talking about the oldest artificially mummified bodies in the world. The Chinchorro mummies date to 7,400 years ago. That is to say, this system existed 2,000 years before the first mummifications even began in Egypt.” Once more information is analyzed from the computerized tomography scans and DNA analysis on this project, we will be on our way to learning more about these Chinchorro mummies, the oldest mummies in the world. [Featured Image by Martin Mejia/AP Images]

2016 Is About To Get Even Longer, As Scientists Add An Extra Second To The New Year's Eve Countdown

The countdown for the end of the year 2016 is going to be one second longer, thanks to a “leap second” that will be added on to the end of it, according to Science Alert. Yes, even after we got an additional leap day back in February and once we get to 11:59:60 on New Year’s Eve, this year still won’t be over. We’ll have one more second added before we can ring in 2017. The final minute of 2016 will actually be 61 seconds long. ???? 2016 gets an extra second. Thanks, science. Via @NPR: https://t.co/cV18h6gBAv — Bobak Ferdowsi (@tweetsoutloud) December 30, 2016 Many of us can’t wait to see the end of 2016. This was a year that brought the deaths of many beloved musicians like Prince, George Michael, David Bowie, Glenn Frey and Frank Sinatra; actors like Alan Rickman, Carrie Fisher and Gene Wilder; scientists like Vera Rubin and Marvin Minsky; historical icons like John Glenn; and even many well-loved authors such as Harper Lee and Elie Wiesel. That said, it will take one second more to get to 2017. The leap second will be added to 2016 to make up for the fact that Earth’s rotation is gradually slowing down and to ensure that our most precise clocks stay in sync. The Paris Observatory in France, which houses the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS) that is responsible for synchronizing time, explains that adding this second is necessary to keep astrological time aligned with Earth’s clocks. This extra second, or leap second, makes it possible to align astronomical time, which is irregular and determined by Earth’s rotation, with Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) which is extremely stable and has been determined by atomic clocks since 1967. Phys.org explains that Earth’s rotation is not absolutely regular. It sometimes speeds up and sometimes slows down, but in general it is gradually slowing overall. A number of factors cause the irregularity, including the moon’s forces, which are also responsible for ocean tides. Earth’s rotation is also influenced by geological events such as strong earthquakes. Even the freezing and melting of ice sheets can have an effect. As a result, astronomical time, which is based on the length of a day on Earth, gradually falls out of sync with atomic time, which is measured by hundreds of incredibly accurate atomic clocks around the world. Leap seconds need to be occasionally added in order to keep us on track. Leap Second Is Being Added to the Glonass Satellites. For details: https://t.co/PSvoUTMisu pic.twitter.com/WICPMgbSmL — SCCSSurvey (@SCCSSURVEY) December 20, 2016 The last leap second was added on June 30, 2015. The extra second is usually added to either the end of the year or the middle, since our technology has trouble handling it during any other time of the year and it can wreak havoc with computer systems. There is a movement calling for the rejection of leap seconds, which would result in time being two or three minutes out of sync with the position of the Sun by 2100 and about 30 minutes out of sync by the year 2700. New Scientist reports that some scientists in the United Kingdom are arguing that it’s time to get rid of the system of adding leap seconds. Hope not, it’s such a basic adjustment. The tech probs are just that. Is time running out for the ‘leap second’? https://t.co/QSnLG7KFia — Sky Duke (@SkyGravit75) December 18, 2016 The UK government even held a public forum to discuss the matter in 2015. The consultation was intended to begin an international discussion about whether the leap second added in June of 2015 should be the last time. Proponents of leap seconds say that they “represent a historical connection between astronomical motion and the passage of time that should not be broken.” On the other hand, opponents think the leap-second system is “hopelessly muddled and not fit for purpose in our fast-paced, networked world.” Obviously, the leap seconds won out in the short term, as we will be getting this extra one on December 31. Leap Second on year’s eve: 10
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Happy New Year – 2017 (checking ntp to all systems)#sysadmin stories — Evaggelos Balaskas (@ebalaskas) December 20, 2016 The year 2016 was a day longer, as well. It was a leap year, with an additional day added in February. [Featured Image by GOLFX/Shutterstock]

The Leap Second: How Does It Happen, And Why Did New Year’s Day 2017 Start A Second Late?

It is now New Year’s Day 2017, and as we probably know by now, the new year has arrived one second later than it should have, due to the so-called “leap second.” And, according to reports, Earth has gained 27 seconds over the past 44 years due to this little anomaly. The Daily Telegraph briefly went over the history of the leap second, which was first added on in 1972, and has been added 26 more times since then. In other words, everyone on Earth 44-years-old and above has gained 27 seconds over their lifetimes. That’s hardly consequential in relation to the average lifetime, but there’s more to simply adding an extra second to world times to make up for Earth spinning a bit slower than it used to. #DidYouKnow #LeapSecond One more second added to IST at 5.30 am today https://t.co/yeayRLZ9kQ pic.twitter.com/lJfP8H0CHG — Express Technology (@expresstechie) January 1, 2017 Dr. Leon Lobo of the United Kingdom’s National Physics Laboratory told the Telegraph that most people wouldn’t have noticed the leap second when New Year’s Day 2017 hit, but these extra seconds have the potential to cause some problems. This may include events such as the ones in 2012 that caused Reddit, Foursquare, LinkedIn, and other prominent websites to crash due to the additional one second tacked on. “People might also notice problems with mobile phone networks as they work on atomic time and, with the increased traffic on New Year’s Eve, there could be potential issues. Inserting a leap second is necessary because the Earth is wobbling and slowing down and over time that divergence could cause problems.” A report from the Seattle Times further explained why leap seconds happen, and illustrated the difference between the two types of time we all deal with in our daily lives. The extra seconds, the report says, are decreed by the IERS (International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service) in Paris, which compares astronomical time against atomic time, and tracks our planet’s rotation. As for the difference between the two types of time, astronomical time is the duration it takes for Earth to make a full rotation on its axis. It was once measured in more simplistic ways, and based on the time the sun would rise and set. But with technology having advanced as it has, astronomers now measure this type of time by tracking a distant quasar with radio telescopes. Atomic time is what is used to determine the time on your computer or mobile device, and is known as such because it relates one second to 9,192,631,770 oscillations of a cesium-133 atom – a very precise figure, but one that doesn’t always match with astronomical time. Atomic time, due to the precise number of electron oscillations in cesium-133, is constant, but astronomical time changes as the Earth’s rotation keeps slowing down gradually. The Telegraph noted that one day lasted about 23 hours during the age of the dinosaurs, more than 65 million years ago. But now that we’re in the present day, leap seconds are necessary in preventing the disconnect between astronomical and atomic time, correcting the latter so that it doesn’t diverge from the pace detected by Earth’s rotations. If such corrections aren’t made, the Telegraph wrote that the difference between both types of time may hit the 25-minute mark in about 500 years. 2016 marked the 27th time a leap second was added since 1972. [Image by Jessica Hromas/Getty Images] This was a point underscored by NPL senior research scientist Peter Whibberley, who spoke to the Daily Telegraph to discuss the issue. “Atomic clocks are more than a million times better at keeping time than the rotation of the Earth, which fluctuates unpredictably. Leap seconds are needed to prevent civil time drifting away from Earth time. Although the drift is small – taking around 1,000 years to accumulate a one-hour difference – if not corrected it would eventually result in clocks showing midday before sunrise.” Now that New Year’s Day 2017 has come, and will be gone in any number of hours depending where in the world you’re located, what does the future hold for leap seconds? The Telegraph said that U.S. officials are opposed to them, calling these seconds “too disruptive” to navigation and communication systems, while U.K. officials want them around in order to maintain synergy between astronomical and atomic time. Still, it may be several more years before we know what’s going to become of leap seconds, as the World Radiocommunication Conference had rescheduled a meeting to decide on the fate of these extra seconds from 2016 to 2023. [Featured Image by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images]

Obama OKs new sanctions against North Korea over nuclear program

The sanctions were the first that the White House had inflicted on a country due to a cyberattack on a USA company.

“Such language, meaning that the bill is applicable to Israel and the settlements, contravenes longstanding U.S. policy towards Israel and the occupied territories, including with regard to Israeli settlement activity”, White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest said in a statement.
The legislation calls for imposing mandatory sanctions on those assisting Pyongyang over its nuclear and missile programs, cyber-attacks, human rights abuses and imports of luxury goods.
Lawmakers felt compelled to retaliate against North Korea, expressing concern that global bodies, such as the United Nations, were not responding quickly enough to its aggressive moves.
The bill also authorizes $10 million annually over the course of five years to transmit radio broadcasts into North Korea and provide humanitarian assistance to fleeing refugees.
Russian Federation reiterated its opposition Thursday to unilateral sanctions against North Korea, saying all but U.N. Security Council sanctions are illegal.
While North Korea was removed from the U.S. State Sponsors of Terrorism list in 2008, a number of the sanctions from the designation have been reinstituted.
Obama consulted with Chinese President Xi Jinping after the 6 January nuclear test, and with the leaders of Japan and South Korea after the rocket launch to reaffirm the USA commitment to their security. Robert Menendez to strengthen sanctions against North Korea.
Japan announced new sanctions last week that include expanded restrictions on travel between the two countries and a complete ban on visits by North Korean ships to Japan.
On February 9, the Pentagon said it was planning to deploy an advanced missile system to South Korea “as quickly as possible” to counter the growing threat of Pyongyang’s weapons capabilities.

Taylor wins by one shot at Pebble Beach

Mickelson, who drained a long birdie putt on 17 to reduce the deficit to one shot, needed to get up and down from short of the green for birdie on the last, but hit his putt through the break and watched on as the attempt lipped out.

“It never crossed my mind that one on 18 wouldn’t go in”, he said.
A birdie on the 11th put him in a tie for the lead, but that was the high-water mark for Iwata, who is playing his first season on the PGA Tour.
With the waves crashing against the seawall behind him, Phil Mickelson stared vacantly into the crowd around the 18th green, masking with a small smile the unquestioned disappointment of a missed 5-foot birdie putt that would have forced a playoff. It’s unbelievable. I’ve worked so hard but I just kept getting knocked down and knocked down. The Augusta, Ga. native is now also qualified for the Masters and the PGA Championship.
Bernhard Langer recorded his first victory since the anchoring ban was introduced as he completed a wire-to-wire win in the Chubb Classic. “And as well as I’ve been hitting the ball, the score was great, but the ball striking wasn’t indicative of how I’ve been hitting it. So I would like to get that dialed in for tomorrow’s round”.
That brief image of shock and dismay – Mickelson on the green, the ball still visible because it’s not in the cup where it’s supposed to be – was reminiscent of a half-dozen or so major championships he felt certain he was going to win. I knew it broke a lot, and it’s a little uphill at the end.
The next six players behind him on the leaderboard have combined for four PGA Tour victories. “I can’t believe I’m actually sitting here right now”.
“As nervous as I was and as disappointed as I am that I didn’t win, this was so much fun for me to get back in the thick of it and feel the pressure…but it just tells me I’ve got a little bit more work to do”.
Former Washington Husky Nick Taylor (71) tied for 30th place at 5 under and Kyle Stanley (73) of Gig Harbor tied for 41st at 2under.
“I think I need to learn Pebble a bit more, a bit better”, he said. There’s so many people that have helped me get here. “But if I was there, I would have been able to finish it off”.
The magnitude 5.7 quake rattled the area about 10 minutes before Ko began play.
Ko closed with a 2-under 70 for a two-stroke victory.
Swede Jonas Blixt, one of four players who held at least a share of the lead in the final round, was a further stroke back in third at 15 under after shooting a 69. The 18-year-old South Korean-born New Zealander finished at 10-under 206 at Clearwater Golf Club.
Couples (66) made $140,800.

Mob Wives reality star Big Ang dies aged 55 after cancer battle

“Big Ang” was diagnosed with throat cancer past year after doctors who examined her saw a tumor that was a size of a lemon.

Addressing Angela’s loyal fans, it continued: “In typical Big Ang fashion, we know she would say, ‘Love you my babies!’” Prayers & peace to her family.
Angela “Big Ang” Raiola maintained her charm and endearing personality that we grew to love up until her very last breath. Medugno also posted several photos with the reality star on social media in the wake of her death, sharing Raiola’s personal motto, “I’m not here for a long time, I’m here for a good time!” According to Vinnie Medungo, Ang died while at the hospital surrounded by her family and friends.
In addition to her sister, Raiola is survived by her son, Anthony Donofrio; her daughter, Raquel Donofrio; and two grandchildren.
The VH1 series began in 2011 and features women on Staten Island connected to men alleged to have mob ties. However, she was not actually a mob wife. She passed peacefully surrounded by friends and family.
Marissa Jade spoke out after she found out about her costar’s death: “The fondest memory I have of Angela is when we filmed together at her house”. “I felt like he never stepped up to the plate, so I was done with it”, she said in an interview with Dr. Mehmet Oz. Three months later, she underwent the same procedure for the right side of her throat, and in December, it was revealed that her cancer had returned and spread to her brain and right lung.
Earlier this week, Raiola announced she had split from her husband Neil Murphy.
“She is what many consider a “mob moll, ‘” the bio said”.
“You can call me Angela”.
The Mob Wives matriarch’s passing was confirmed earlier today after loved ones initially denied rumours.

Rubio wins former Gov. Tim Pawlenty’s endorsement

“I’m supporting Marco Rubio for president because he has the ideas, the principles, and the toughness necessary to bring reform to Washington”, Flake said in a statement released by the Rubio camp.

Shawn Lindsay, a former state representative from Hillsboro who chairs Rubio’s campaign in OR, said his candidate hasn’t so far picked up any major Bush donors from the Northwest. Rubio touted the endorsements of three key SC politicans before Saturday’s primary in Rep. Trey Gowdy, Gov. Nikki Haley and fellow Sen.
Rubio also promised a “Reagan-style rebuild of the military” if he is elected.
State Agriculture Commissioner Adam Putnam heard about Jeb Bush ending his presidential campaign as he emceed the Hillsborough County GOP’s Lincoln 2016 Red Ball Saturday night in Tampa. Orrin Hatch, Arizona Sen. Rubio is campaigning in Nevada for the Republican presidential nomination ahead of the state’s February 23 Republican caucuses.
“It would be, but that’s up to John and John’s got every right to stay in the race”, Hatch said. I like him too.
“That’s how I’m spending my birthday tomorrow”, said Barber, who will turn 54.
In other Monday-afternoon Rubio news, Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson also endorsed the lawmaker. Mark Amodei and Cresent Hardy announced their support late Sunday into Monday.
Rubio is aiming to turn the momentum into a financial advantage.
“We’ve been going door to door and canvassing, and we’ve been making calls”, said Shannon Griffin, a Sacramentan who is volunteering for Senator Cruz. “I’m going to be that candidate”.
The growing number of endorsements for Rubio also helps gin up attention for the candidate as he spars for the spotlight with Cruz and Trump, but it’s unclear how much they will affect the race in a year where candidates who have positioned themselves as political outsiders have held an edge. “This is the face of the new conservative movement”.
“I’ve been doing caucus trainings and I’d say about 75 percent of the people that come have never done a caucus”, Westrup said.
Monday in an interview for ABC News’ podcast “Powerhouse Politics” with Jonathan Karl and Rick Klein, 1996 Republican presidential nominee former Sen. “And I think that’s really important, particularly when you get to issues like national security and defense issues and foreign affairs”, he said.
Pawlenty ran for the Republican nomination leading up to the 2012 election, but dropped out after a poor showing in Iowa.

Senate, House task force formed to look at Flint water

The grant announcement came a day after Weaver dismissed a separate plan offered by Snyder to study whether any of the pipes could be coated temporarily to get drinkable water flowing into city homes.

The Republican governor, who previously voluntarily released his own Flint emails over a two-year period, made the announcement Monday in an interview with The Detroit News editorial board. Snyder says the results are a “start” but “it’s not time to draw conclusions”.
As expected, the Michigan Senate has approved $30 million to help pay Flint residents’ water bills in the aftermath of the city’s lead-contamination crisis.
“Given the fact that we have about $19 trillion in debt, I think it’s fair to ask, do we want to have the federal government replacing all the infrastructure put in place by cities and states all across the country?” he asked.
Dr. Marty Kaufman’s team analyzed Flint’s hand-written records, paper maps, and scanned images to create a digital database of pipes in the city.
“I won’t rest until every service line is removed”, she said.
Flint’s drinking water became contaminated in April 2014, when the city was under the control of a state-appointed emergency manager. About 25,000 are not lead while another 10,000 are unknown and will need to be individually inspected, according to Snyder’s office.
“The Legislature’s approval of this $30 million plan to assist with Flint residents with water bills is a testament to the state’s continued commitment to helping during this crisis”, he said in a statement.
U.S. Sens. Rob Portman (R-OH) and Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) recently filed an amendment they are co-sponsoring that would protect drinking water around the country by allowing the federal government to better respond to drinking water emergencies.
The state’s latest testing still found 11 percent of their samples exceeded the action level.
University of Michigan-Flint researchers completed a month-long compilation of information about lead service lines in the city of Flint.
The Michigan Public Radio Network’s Jake Neher reports on an approved petition to recall Governor Snyder.

Calais migrants face deadline to stave off bulldozers

“These are innocent, vulnerable children caught up in red tape with the frightening prospect of the demolition of the Jungle hanging over them”, Law said earlier last week.

French Interior Minister Bernard Cazeneuve said Monday that the eviction would be done “progressively, by persuasion and with respect for people’s dignity“.
Greek Deputy Interior Minister Ioannis Mouzalas was angry about a meeting Wednesday in Vienna where Austria and many of its southern neighbors agreed to tighter border controls and warned that they may have to shut their doors entirely.
Furthermore, Jambon announced that between 250 and 290 extra police officers will be deployed on the French-Belgian border. It is not clear how much weight was attributed by the judges to conditions in the camp and so, whether refugees living elsewhere may be considered similarly vulnerable. “It’s a question of maintaining order”, Jambon said.
“The dismantling of what has been called the “Jungle” is possible and real”.
Refugees living in the south part of the camp were ordered last week to leave the area before 8pm local time on Tuesday (8am Wednesday NZT) after which authorities will be empowered to remove remaining tents and trash, if necessary by force.
The European Union is now struggling to manage a massive refugee crisis, with hundreds of thousands of people fleeing conflict-torn countries in the Middle East and North Africa.
However, numerous residents have family or community ties to Britain and are reluctant to give up their dream of crossing the Channel.
“I don’t have anywhere else to go”, said John, a 28-year-old Sudanese migrant in the camp.
“There are more than 3000 people who are living here, we have schools here, mosques, everything inside the “jungle”.
“Obviously, they are scared and concerned about what is going to happen”, said Ed ton, of Help Refugees, one of numerous British associations working in the camp.
Hungary is increasing its production of razor wire, posts and other elements needed to build border fences meant to stop the flow of migrants.
But it also condemned members of far-right groups who loiter outside the Jungle to harass and even attack migrants.
“If it is really the case that the Greek external border cannot be protected, can it be still a Schengen external border?” she said.
They have also been offered places in some 100 accommodation centers dotted around France.
Migrants wait for a train inside a camp after crossing the Macedonian-Greek border in Gevgelija, Macedonia February 25, 2016.
As refugees at the Calais “Jungle” camp stare down the threat of eviction, concerns are rising about the safety of migrants at the hands of police. Clare Moseley, from the association Care4Calais, who was at the hearing, told Business Insider that the judge had said that “due to the amount of evidence submitted by both sides”, she would only make a decision on Wednesday or Thursday.
The Calais ferry port and the Eurotunnel rail service there makes the city an ideal point for entering Britain covertly.
State authorities say up to 1,000 people will be affected by the plans to relocate them from the slum site to heated containers nearby or to centres around France.